Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years. It occurs when the ovaries stop producing eggs and the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones decline. Menopause typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, with the average age being 51.

Common symptoms of menopause may include hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, mood changes, and changes in sexual function. Some women may also experience bone loss and an increased risk of heart disease and other chronic conditions.

While menopause is a natural process, it can be a challenging time for many women. Treatment options may include hormone therapy, which can help to alleviate symptoms and reduce the risk of bone loss and other health problems. Non-hormonal options such as certain antidepressants and other medications may also be effective for some women.

It is important for women to maintain a healthy lifestyle during and after menopause, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Women should also continue to receive regular gynecological exams and screenings for breast and other cancers.

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